Several INEOS businesses have started to substitute fossil-based raw materials with recycled and bio-based feedstocks at commercial scale. For example, at our olefins plant in Cologne (Germany), biomass co-produced by the wood pulping industry has been successfully converted into bio-olefins. INEOS' commodity chemicals, such as phenol, acetone, styrene, and PVC, are also partly produced using bio-based feedstocks and are available on the market.
INEOS' bio-attributed products can be made with 100% substitution of bio-feedstock on a mass-balance basis and provide significant GHG savings in our value chain. It results in products which have a proven positive impact on the environment without sacrificing product performance.
Using alternative feedstocks can also have a positive impact on INEOS' emissions from its operations by reducing non-biogenic emissions released from chemical reactions or when process steps can be avoided by using more refined or recycled feedstocks. This is why the use of alternative feedstocks is included in our 2030 roadmaps, even if the impact of this pathway on scope 1 and scope 2 emissions is not significant.