Acrylonitrile is a key raw material for the production of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) Plastics which are increasingly used in panels for cars, helping to make them lighter - improving fuel efficiency. ABS is also used in electronics, construction and a wide range of consumer goods such as washing machines, TVs and computer casings.
Acrylonitrile is the main raw material used in the production of Acrylic Fibre. Acrylic Fibre is lightweight, soft and warm with moisture wicking properties. It is also resistant to moths, oils, chemicals and sunlight making it ideal for outdoor use. The main products produced with Acrylic Fibre are socks, sweaters, hats, ski wear, outdoor fabrics and carpets.
Acrylonitrile is the key raw material in the production of Acrylamide. Acrylamide is used to produce Polyacrylamide (PAM). PAM has many applications including improving oil and gas recovery, wastewater treatment, mining and paper manufacturing.
Carbon Fibre is an exciting and high growth application for Acrylonitrile. Carbon Fibre is made by carbonizing Acrylic Fibre, which is made primarily of Acrylonitrile. Carbon Fibre is about five times as strong as steel and significantly lighter. Its applications are continually being developed and include aerospace such as military and commercial aircraft, automotive, sporting goods such as bicycles, tennis rackets and golf clubs, and wind energy where it is used in the manufacture of the windmill blades.
Acrylonitrile is a key raw material in the manufacture of Nitrile Butadiene rubber. Resistant to oil and gas, NBR is frequently used in automotive hoses and seals. Additionally, NBR is used to make protective gloves and adhesives.
The pharmaceutical industry is the largest end-use for acetonitrile, which uses it as a reagent, reaction solvent, or extraction solvent. Acetonitrile is used as a starting material to synthesize vitamins A and B1, cortisone, carbonate drugs, and amino acids. Acetonitrile is also used as a solvent in the production of insulin and antibiotics.